Characteristics of Adult Learners:
Keese, G.S. (2010). Andragogy. Retrieved from.
I have chosen this resource as it provides a simple breakdown of Knowles 6 principles of adult education.
This will be useful for me in the future as I can quickly reference this page and reflect on whether or not
my lesson plan is meeting these criteria. I can incorporate this as part of my own critical self-reflection as
well. (Merriam & Bierema, 2015 p.116)
Creating a positive learning environment:
10 Effective Classroom Management Techniques Every Faculty Member Should Know
In. The Teaching Professor. Retrieved from
This resource was chosen as it includes a section that I find very useful for my students. Classroom
management with Adult learners differs from that of children; I feel that this document does a fantastic
job of breaking down different scenarios that the adult educator is likely to face while providing some
useful solutions. One particular area of use is the learner contract. This ties in nicely with Knowles theory
of Andragogy as it is something that most adult learners will find relevant.
Battista, L and Verlinda, R. (2014) 9 Strategies to Spark Adult Students Intrinsic
Motivation. In Faculty Focus. Retrieved from
This resource provides nine points to consider when looking to motivate adult learners. It ties into
Knowles 6 principals of adult education as well in the sense that it focuses on providing learners with
relevance and self-direction. There is also focus on tying your lesson to what the students’ future goals
might be. I can use this in my future lesson and course planning as a checklist to make sure I am keeping
my students experience relevant to what they will be doing in the future.
Knox, G. (n.d.) 40 Icebreakers for Small Groups. In Insight. Retrieved from
This resource provides 40 icebreakers for small groups of students. I have found that icebreakers can
generally be adapted to almost any sized group with some slight alterations. In my current educational
setting we have continual intakes which means once per week we will have new students in class. A
resource such as this is invaluable in those situations where you need to quickly build rapport with your
students and your students’ with each other. This will improve my teaching by giving me new ways to
build rapport with my students.
United States Institute of Peace. (n.d.) Simulation on the Case of “Palmyra”.
I've included this resource as an example of some of the simulations that this site provides. This
simulation in particular is a great resource for project based learning. It presents a situation that almost
every student can relate to and engage with but in such a way that it is fairly neutral and 'safe' to use in a
multinational classroom. By using simulations such as these I can increase the amount of self-directed
learning that my students are taking part in.